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Wednesday, December 17, 2008

Global Climate Coalition

The Global Climate Coalition was a group of mainly United States businesses opposing immediate action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The group formed in 1989 as a response to several reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. A major scientific report on the severity of global warming by the IPCC in 2001 led to large-scale membership loss. Since 2002 the GCC has been defunct, or in its own words, "deactivated" .

It said of itself:

"The Global Climate Coalition has been deactivated. The industry voice on climate change has served its purpose by contributing to a new national approach to global warming .

Benjamin D. Santer, a climate change researcher, wrote:

"The Global Climate Coalition - a less than disinterested party - has made serious allegations regarding the scientific integrity of the Lead Authors of Chapter 8, and of the IPCC process itself."

Prominent members (to 1997)

* Exxon / Esso
* Ford
* Royal Dutch/Shell
* Texaco
* British Petroleum
* General Motors
* DaimlerChrysler
* The Aluminum Association

Between 1997 and the Coalition's deactivation in 2001, a number of its members left, as part of their move to acknowledge global warming and attempt to reduce their carbon emissions (see Business action on climate change). Dupont and British Petroleum left in 1997, Royal Dutch/Shell in 1998, Ford in 1999, and DaimlerChrysler, General Motors, and Texaco in 2000.

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